French buildings majesty is more than enough known. Everywhere in France, you can find a big number of Palaces and sumptuous castles which make you fall in love with them at first sight. With our Renfe-SNCF in Cooperation trains, we invite you to discover them closer.
PALACE OF VERSAILLES
Main courtyard of the Palace of Versailles
The palace of Versailles is located in the same named locality in the suburbs of Paris. Louis ordered the construction which forms one of the most important monarchical complexes in Europe. When it was built, the palace and its gardens took up 8000 hectares whereas nowadays, it just takes up 800 hectares, with 20 kilometres of road, 200000 trees, 35 kilometres of scoring, 11 hectares of roof, 2153 windows, and 67 stairs. The whole palace and park of Versailles, including the Grand Trianon and the Petit Trianon, have been declared A World Heritage Site by the Unesco in 1979.
PALACE OF THE KINGS OF MAJORCA
Exterior view and courtyard of the Palace of the Kings
The Palace of the Kings of Majorca is one of the most important monuments in Perpignan city. Built by James I The Conqueror in 1276, it was established as the seat of the kings. Perpignan was the capital of Majorca Kingdom and the Palace of the Kings of Majorca is a fortified Palace in the Gothic style. When Santiago II died, the Palace became a part of the Crown of Aragon and little by little, the town lost its power.
PALACE OF THE POPES
Exterior facade of the Palace of the Popes
The Palace of the Popes in Avignon is one of the biggest and important gothic medieval buildings in Europe. It is an area declared a World Heritage Site in 1995 with the Petit Palais, the cathedral, the bridge on the Rhône, and the fortified precinct. It contains exceptional frescos painted in 1343 by important workshops of painters from all Europe, directed by Matteo Giovanetti. The palace, which is crossed over by buildings, is the former palace of Benedict XII, a fortress located in the impregnable rock of Amós; and the new palace of Clement VI, the most sumptuous of the popes of Avignon, where the peak of the international Gothic style is expressed.
THE PALACE OF FONTAINEBLEAU
Overview of the Palace of Fontainebleau
The palace of Fontainebleau is one of the biggest royal palaces in France. It is located in Fontainebleau, in Seine et Marne department. The building was built around a serie of patios and then the city of Fontainebleau grew all around the palace and the part of the former royal hunting wood which remained. In 1981, the palace of Fontainebleau has been declared A World Heritage Site by the Unesco
THE LOUVRE PALACE
The large glass pyramid seen at night
The Louvre palace is famous worldwide because it harbours the most important museum in Paris, and one of the most important in the world with more than 250000 works of art. Originally, it was the seat of the french power until 1682, when Louis XIV decided to transfer his power to Versailles. After the French Revolution, it has been decided to give a cultural and artistic use to this place which became a gallery until nowadays.
PALAIS DE LA CITÉ
Central courtyard and great pyramid of the Louvre
The Palais de la Cité, or Palais de la Conciergerie is an historic building in Paris on the dock of the clock on the île de la Cité. It was the residence of the Kings of France from the Xth century until the XIV th century and has been transformed in state jail in 1932, after Charles V th and his successors leaved. The jail was located at the ground floor of the building which lined the dock of the clock and the two towers: the top floors where for the Parliament. The Conciergerie described first the place where was living the caretaker; then, by extension, the jail where he was guarding the prisoners. The caretaker was in charge of the keys of the royal Palace and the lighting. The jail the Conciergerie was considered, during the Reign of Terror, as the antechamber of death. Few people could get out of it. The Queen Marie Antoinette was put in this jail in 1793.
THE ÉLYSÉE PALACE
The Élysée Palace is the official seat of the President in France, located in Paris. From 1848, because of a decision of the National Assembly of the second Republic in France. The Élysée palace was the official residence of the President of the French Republic, but when the Second Empire was proclaimed in 1852, Napoléon III decided to live in the Palace of Tuileries, the traditional residence of french monarchs. When the Empire fell in 1870, the new government of the third Republic established the Élysée as the residence of the President of France. The Élysée was the official residence of french Presidents until 1940, date of the German invasion during the Second World War. After the German defeat in 1946, was back the presidential residence and still is nowadays.